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中年失业工程经理答问

30/10/10

作者/来源:Support Site for The Unemployed (25-10-2010)
http://singaporedaily.net
新加坡文献馆译

这是通过电邮和一名失业工程师的问答:

失业多久了?

到2010年10月为止,我已经失业了20个月。

过去的专业是什么,有何种资格?最后的薪金额是多少?

我是一名半导体电子工程经理,在一家跨国公司工作。我拥有荣誉二等甲级工程学位,由一间英国的著名大学颁发。我的年薪是大约10万元。我的上司以及上司的上司都是外国人。我的上司有4年的工作经验,而我在这一个行业已经有超过13年的资历。在我和我的同僚心目中,这名上司绝对不是一名‘人才’。

你在寻找工作时遭遇了些什么问题?年龄是否是经常碰到的问题,又或者还有其他原由?

年龄对我而言是其中一个障碍 – 虽然我累积了10个年头的工作经验,而根据政府的法定退休年龄来计算,我还有20多年的工作时间。

对我们这些已经跨过40岁的人群而言,都已经没有了工作机会,即使我愿意把薪金减少20-30个百分点。

另外一个障碍是聘请经理 – 进行面试的他们,其中有多数是‘外来人才’。从我个人的体验,他们的意图只是在收集讯息(我的待遇和知识),他们会更乐意把空缺让给他们的同类(种族)或者另一个‘外来人才’。

即便聘请经理是本地人,那也不担保他会聘用本地人,因为没有激励去推动如此的做法,也没有一个配额要去遵守。

更糟糕的情况是,本地人有许多的义务如后备军人回营训练,以及为了家庭需要有必要准时离开工场以便照顾年幼子女。外来人才都没有这些生话问题,因为他们不必服役,而家人也不在此地。他们可以长时间留在工场,甚至于呆至深夜。

你可以说我们没有尽到全力,可是外来人才往往只是呆上三至五年,然后到别的国家寻找更高的工资。但是,我们是不可能仿效此种作法。

我试过降低期待去寻求一份工程师工作 – 好多回,雇主只是说他们会回复我。有了几次这种经历后,我于是进一步追问,而得到的回应是,以我的学历和经验我应该寻求更高级别的工作,这种低级别的工作机会应该让学资较低的人去申请。然而,谁会给我一个工作机会!

在失业的情况下,你的家庭如何过日子?

此刻我们是靠我妻子的工作收入维持生计。在刚开始的时候,我相当沮丧因为我是经历一番苦干与好些牺牲才达到当前的生活程度。现在,我别无选择只能坦然接受目前的困境并设法渡日,我强烈的相信我必须坚持下去,要不然是不会有人愿意帮助我。因此,我必须设法子去赚钱以供给我的家庭需要。

现在有财务上的困难吗?

有的,我们有财务上的困难。我们必须按我们的能力去应对我们的生活开支。我们只能根据我们的每月收入去生活,并且尽力去节省开支。其中一个方法是购实更便宜的替代生活用品,购买打折与促销商品。

你认为政府应该如何去帮助那一大群的失业PMETs?

1、政府必须限制外来人口的数额,公司能够聘用的某国外来人口有一定的配额规定,如25个百分点。我们接受跨国公司前来投资是为了给我们工作,而不是为了提供工作给外来人口,或者成为别人的在职训练工场。这或许是我的短视,不过,如果我们都没有能力照顾自已的需要,想想看,我们又何必为别国人口的工作与就业操心?

2、我们有必要修订裁员法律条规,管制裁员补偿与福利。提高补偿额以遏止裁员行动和保留被裁员工的医疗福利直到新工作开始为止。目前的相关法规太过宽松,没有给予这群专业经理人士足够的保护。

3、公司可以采取的一个可行方法是每当遇到经济衰退情况时可以减少工作时间而不是进行裁员,因为经济停滞日益普遍。此外,现在的经济周期变得更短亦更频繁。经济回弹也变得更快速。比如,我以前的雇主在裁员后的不到6个月时间就重新聘用员工。

4、更重更的是,严格限制组屋屋主只能够是新加坡公民。永久居民应该购置私人住宅。如果不这样做的话,新加坡的基本住房费用就会因为来自永久居民的住房需求而提高。组屋原本是为公民的需要而建设,但现在由于永久居民的购置而价挌高涨。面对如此高昂的房价,我们的低收入要如何去应付?我们有30年的房债要分期付款去偿还,而现在要找到一份工作是如此的困难,即使我们有学历与经验!

最后、我希望政府认真的去帮助这群拥有高学历和有经验的失业专业经理人士。

谢谢

原文来源:http://www.transitioning.org/2010/10/25/engineer-who-used-to-earn-100000-a-year-jobless-for-20-months/

Engineer who used to earn $100,000 a year jobless for 20 months

We recently conducted an email interview with a jobless engineer and here is his reply:-

How long were you jobless?

I have been jobless for 20 months as of Oct 2010.

What is your past profession and qualification? Your last drawn salary?

I was a semiconductor Process and Equipment Manager working with a multinational company. I have 2nd Upper honours degree in engineering from a reputable UK university. My annual pay is around 100K. My boss and boss’s boss are all foreigners. My boss has 4 years of working experience whereas I have over 13 years in this field of work. He is definitely not a ‘talent’ in mine and my colleagues’ opinion.

What problems did you face while searching for jobs? Was age always the problem or are there other reasons?

Age is one of the stumbling block for me – even though I have accumulated over 10 good years of working experience and another 20+ years to go in my working life according to the government retirement age.

There is just no opportunity given to people like me who has crossed 40, even if I am willing to lower my pay by 20-30%.

Another obstacle is the hiring manager – most of them who conducted the interview are ‘FT”. Personally, I feel that they are gathering information (pay range and knowledge from me), and likely to give preference to their own ‘kind’ (race) or other ‘FT”.

Even if the hiring manager is a local, there is no guarantee that they will hire a local simply because there is no incentive to hire a local or any quota to adhere to.

To make it worse, we locals have to fulfil many obligations like reservist training and have to leave office on time or not too late to take care of other family matters like our young children. Where as in the ‘FT’ case, they do not have Reservist disruption and most of their family are back in their country. They can afford to even ‘camp’ in office or stay until midnight.

You can say that we are not hungry enough to go to that extend. But these FTs normally would stay for 3-5 years and then move on to other better paying jobs in other countries. But we are not likely to do so.

I have tried to lower my expectations by applying for an engineer’s role – many times the employer would just say they will keep me posted. After a few rounds, I probed further and they told me that with my qualifications and experience I should be looking for a job of a higher level and give other people a chance to apply for lower level jobs. But the question is who is going to give me that chance!

How did your family cope while you stay jobless?

My wife is now the sole breadwinner for the family now. I was very depressed at the beginning because I had worked so hard and made many sacrifices to reach this level. Now I just have to accept my predicament and move on, I strongly believed that no one is going to help me if I do not stand on my own feet. So, I just have to find my own way to make money to provide for my family.

Are there financial problems now?

Yes, we have financial problems too. We just have to adjust our finances to cope with our situation. We have to make do with what we get every month and try to reduce our expenses to carry on living our life. One way is to look for cheaper alternative for those daily necessities and buy more during discounts and promotions.

How do you think the government can help this huge pool of jobless PMETs?

1. The government should restrict the number of foreigners into the country and also set a quota for the number of foreigners for each company, like 25 percent or something. We invite MNCs to invest in Singapore to give us job, not to give jobs to foreigner or act as a training center. This might be a myopic view, but if we cannot feed ourselves do you think we should be concerned about providing jobs for other people?

2. We should amend our retrenchment laws, regulate the retrenchment compensation and benefits BY providing higher payout to discourage retrenchment exercise and continue medical coverage until we secure the next employment. The current laws are too lax and it doesn’t offer sufficient protection for the PME group.

3. A possible solution is for the company to reduce the number of working days to ride out any future downturn than retrenching staff quickly because there will always be downturn. Moreover, nowadays, the business cycle is getting shorter and more frequent. The economy also fortunately recovers faster after every downturn. For example, my ex-company after laying us off, was hiring again within 6 months after retrenching staff.

4. On top of that, restrict HDB ownership to Singaporeans only. If our PRs want to buy properties they should go to private properties. If not, the cost of basic housing in Singapore will go up due to the demand from PRs. The HDB housing is meant for Singaporeans but now the foreigners are pushing up prices with their purchases. With higher housing price, can we afford to live with a lower salary? We have 30 years of housing instalment to pay and it is so difficult to get a job nowadays despite all our qualification and experience!

Lastly, I hope that the government will seriously look into helping this huge group of highly-educated experienced jobless professionals.

Thanks!

Regds,

James (not his real name)

PS: James is contemplating starting a small engineering business on his own – Gilbert

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分类题材: 政府制度_policy ,

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