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李光耀口中的马来西亚

18/09/10

作者/来源:Dr. Mahathir Mohamad(14-09-2010) / chedet.co.cc http://singaporedaily.net
新加坡文献馆译

1、李光耀先生,新加坡的内阁资政比我年长3岁。这表示他和我是在同一个年代成长。这也意味我是亲眼目睹李先生的经历,实际上,我和他在多次事件上有过互动。

2、他在《纽约时报》的访问上提及:如果新加坡没有被驱逐,马来西亚的种族关系会更佳的说法,值得进一步探讨。这是否真实,或者只是一种幻想?

3、在新加坡加入马来亚半岛之前;和沙巴与沙劳越一起组成马来西亚,那时,在马来亚联合邦的种族政治较少。1955年,占人口80%的马来人把相当的选区割让给华人和印度人公民,让他们在马来人的支持下取得胜利。这一安排让国阵在52个竞选议席中取得51个席位的胜利。

4、东姑为了报答华人与印度人公民对国阵的支持而无条件的颁发了100万个公民权。这使到马来人的多数缩小为60%。

5、1959年大选,国阵的巫统,马华,印度人国大党轻易取胜,除了吉兰丹之外。人民拒绝了一个马来人的政党回教党。种族主义即便是隐默的也会失败。

6、1963年新加坡成为马来西亚的一部分。虽然有承诺说人民行动党不涉足半岛,沙巴和沙劳越的政治,光耀背弃承诺,人民行动党在半岛争取华人支持试图取代马华在国阵的位置。‘马来西亚人的马来西亚’口号暗示华人没有和马来人同等的权力。如果这种争取华人情感去对抗马来人不是种族意识,我就不知道什么才是种族意识。

7、但是,半岛上的华人选择和巫统的马来人合作。他们在1964年的大选时完全拒绝了人民行动党。

8、在马来西亚人的马来西亚运动后,几位巫统领袖试图在新加坡鼓动马来人情绪。新加坡有了动乱,这之前是不曾发生过的。光耀指控加发亚巴在煽动新加坡的马来人。虽然我从来没有到过新加坡,也没有接触那里的马来人,光耀亲自把我标签为马来极端主义者。

9、到了1965年种族歧视日益增长,使到东姑被迫结束新加坡在马来西亚的成员地位。但是,华人的种族歧视种子已经散播,所以即使人民行动党已脱离,‘马来西亚人的马来西亚’这一个战斗叫嚣却让民主行动党,也就是人民行动党的分支传承下去。

10、从新加坡在马来西亚的短暂3年时间所遗留下的种种后果来看,我们可否真实的去相信,如果新加坡不被迫离开,马来西亚的种族关系会更好?

11、从1969年大选的过程中可以知晓什么事情是必然将会发生的。马华开始批评华人和马来人的合作伙伴关系,特别是针对所谓的特权,以及要求创办华人大学。当时,巫统开始要求在国家经济上占有更大的股份。由于巫统与马华的争执,国阵在1969年的选举上遭受相当的挫折。

12、民行党和民政党,一个由马华的不满党员组成的新政党,取得不俗的成绩。国阵为此而感到震撼与慌乱。

13、随后,民政党与民行党在马来人聚居的甘榜巴鲁进行胜利游行,对马来人做出种族性羞辱。这造成了5月13日的种族大暴乱。

14、至到今天民行党还持续这个种族主义的战斗口号‘马来西亚人的马来西亚’。明显的,马来西亚的种族主义是新加坡加入马来西亚,虽然时间上只有短暂的3个年头的结果。我们是否真的相信如果新加坡没有被迫离开,马来西亚是不会有种族问题的。

15、当光耀说起他相信各个民族社群必须从各自的种族隔离桎梏中解放,以换取各个种族之间的一个公平与公正社会时,他也说:‘一旦我们从马来西亚退出,华人成为多数民族’。

16、新加坡人口中有75%是华人,他们拥有95%的经济。因此,这并非真正的多元种族国家,这只是有些少数民族的一个中国人的国家,另外,这些少数民族都是一群贫穷的人口。

17、新加坡是不允许有异议的。挑战人民行动党的人都要被捉到法庭面对诽谤诉讼,如果他们赢得了议席他们也不会被允许出席国会。但是,在马来西亚,反对党不仅可以赢得议席,他们更组成了卅政府(今天,在13个卅中有5个卅是由反对党统治),在新加坡,人民行动党必须委派人民行动党党员去代表反对党。

18、不论人民行动党是否承认,这个政党向来是由华族领导,并且是用华人选票取得胜利。其他民族甚至于不必去扮演粉饰的角色。

19、如果新加坡是马来西亚的一分子,人民行动党应该可以塑造出新加坡式的非种族政治,因为同马来西亚的华人一起,人民行动党可以在种族上占领导地位,并且控制马来西亚的政治。没有人可以反对,肯定的,也没有人有胆量去指出谁才是真正的国家统治者。

20、健忘失忆症是无可厚非的,但是要把事情说成是因为新加坡被迫离开而造成马来西亚今天的种族政治格局,这种说法是完全没有历史上的实事凭证。

21、李光耀和我都是看到相同的事迹,我们都知道其中的原因是什么。

原文来源:http://singaporedaily.net//http://chedet.co.cc/chedetblog/2010/09/malaysia-according-to-lky.html

MALAYSIA ACCORDING TO LKY
By Dr. Mahathir Mohamad
on September 14, 2010

1. Mr Lee Kwan Yew, the Minister Mentor of Singapore is three years my senior. That means he and I practically grew up in the same period of time. That also means that I have been able to watch the progress of Mr Lee, and in fact to interact with him on various occasions.

2. His assertion in his interview with the New York Times that “Race relations (would be) better if Singapore (had) not (been) “turfed out” (of Malaysia) is worth studying. Is it true or is it fantasy?

3. Before Singapore joined the Peninsular, Sabah and Sarawak to form Malaysia, there was less racial politics in the Federation of Malaysia. In 1955 the Malays who made up 80 per cent of the citizens gave a large number of their constituencies to the few Chinese and Indian citizens and ensured they won with strong Malay support. As a result the Alliance won 51 of the 52 seats contested.

4. The Tunku then rewarded this willingness of the Chinese and Indian citizens to support the coalition concept by giving them one million unconditional citizenship. This reduced Malay majority to 60 per cent.

5. In the 1959 elections the Alliance of UMNO, MCA and MIC won easily though Kelantan was lost. PAS with only Malays as members was rejected. Racialism even when implied failed.

6. In 1963 Singapore became a part of Malaysia. Despite having promised that the PAP will not participate in Peninsular, Sabah and Sarawak politics, Kwan Yew reneged and the PAP tried to displace the MCA in the Alliance by appealing to Chinese sentiments in the Peninsular. Of course the slogan was “Malaysian Malaysia” which implied that the Chinese were not having equal rights with the Malays. If this appeal to Chinese sentiments against the Malays was not racial, I do not know what is racial.

7. But the Peninsular Chinese favoured working with the Malays in UMNO. They totally rejected PAP in 1964.

8. Following the Malaysian Malaysia campaign a few UMNO leaders tried to rouse Singapore Malay sentiments. There were demonstrations in Singapore where before there were none. Kwan Yew accused Jaafar Albar for instigating the Singapore Malays. Although I never went to Singapore, nor met the Malays there, I was labelled a Malay-ultra by Kwan Yew himself.

9. By 1965 racism had taken hold and the Tunku was forced to end Singapore’s membership of Malaysia. But the seed of Chinese racialism had been sown, so that even after the PAP left, the “Malaysian Malaysia” war cry was picked up by the DAP, an offspring of the PAP.

10. With the background of Singapore’s activities in Malaysia in the short three years of its membership, can we really believe that if it had not been “turfed out” race relations would be better in Malaysia?

11. But proof of what would have happened was shown by the politics leading up to the 1969 Election. The MCA began to criticise the Sino/Malay cooperation especially on so-called special rights and demanded for a Chinese University. UMNO then began to clamour for a greater share of the economy of the country. The UMNO/MCA conflict resulted in the Alliance faring very badly in the 1969 Elections.

12. DAP and Gerakan, a new party largely made up of MCA dissidents made gains. The Alliance were shocked and rattled.

13. Then the Gerakan and DAP held their victory parade near the Malay settlement of Kampung Baru, hurling racist insults at the Malays. The result was the 13th May race riots.

14. Till today the racist slogan “Malaysian Malaysia” is the war-cry of the DAP. Racism in Malaysia is clearly the result of Singapore’s membership of the country for just three years. Can we really believe that if Singapore had not been “turfed out” Malaysia would have no racial problem.

15. While Kwan Yew talks about his belief that all ethnic communities should free themselves from the shackles of racial segregation in order to promote fairness and equality among the races, he also said that “once we are by ourselves (out of Malaysia) the Chinese become the majority”.

16. Singapore’s population is made up of 75 per cent Chinese and they own 95 per cent of the economy. It is therefore not a truly multi-racial country but a Chinese country with minority racial groups who are additionally much poorer.

17. In Singapore dissent is not allowed, People who contest against the PAP would be hauled up in court for libel and if they win elections would not be allowed to take their places in Parliament. Whereas in Malaysia opposition parties invariably win seats in Parliament and even set up State Governments (today five out of the 13 States are ruled by the opposition parties) the PAP in Singapore has to appoint PAP members to represent the opposition.

18. Whether the PAP admits it or not, the party has always been led and dominated by ethnic Chinese and have won elections principally because of Chinese votes. The others are not even icing on the cake.

19. If Singapore is a part of Malaysia the PAP can certainly reproduce the Singapore kind of non-racial politics because together with the Malaysian Chinese, the PAP will ethnically dominate and control Malaysian politics. No dissent would be allowed and certainly no one would dare say anything about who really runs the country.

20. Amnesia is permissible but trying to claim that it is because Singapore had been “turfed out” for the present racist politics in Malaysia is simply not supported by facts of history.

21. Lee Kwan Yew and I saw the same things and know the reasons why.

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分类题材: 新马政经_gpsgmy, 历史_history

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