今天

林福寿医生

22/07/10

作者/来源:Dr Wong Wee Nam http://www.sgpolitics.net
新加坡文献馆译

“当你还未完全剥夺一切,你可以用权力控制人民。但是当你完全抢夺了一个人所拥有的一切,他就再也不受你控制 – 他已经重获自由。”

–亚历山大 索尔仁尼琴 ( Alexander Solzhenitsyn )


林福寿医生

2002年7月在已故李绍祖医生的守灵之夜,我第一次遇见他。这时已经是他获得释放之后的第20个年头,前此,他被囚禁了近20年之久。我看到坐在另一张桌子边上的一位朋友于是上前向她打个招呼。他正好就坐在旁边,于是她介绍我们认识。

那是我首次见到他的面貌长相。

我在孩童年纪时就已听说过有关他的事迹。他是我居所左近的一个菜市场里一位著名鱼贩的儿子。他的父亲之所以出名是因为他有一个很聪明的儿子。在那年代的穷人群里很难会有做医生的儿女。

我在孩童时知道他也是因为他是名医生。他的医务诊所不单为有困难者提供免费的医疗,也使用真材实料的药剂。他甚至于会给予他们回家的车费。这不足为奇,他相信疾病并不是单纯的由于人体缺乏铁质而是因为贫穷。

我没有认出他是谁,这是情有可原的,那是因为他的照片从未在报章上刊登或出现在电视上。当他被囚禁时没有任何有关他的状况报导,他在释放后亦没有任何相关的消息。

虽然面对新闻上的封锁,以及他本身的低调姿态,他依然是政治界的传奇人物,他是续谢太宝之后的第二位最长期拘留者。因此,在将他介绍给我认识的当儿,我的反应是极其的兴奋,并夹带着惊奇和不安。

他以十分温和与友善的语调使我安静下来,问我是否就是那位给报纸写信的书写者。他的诚恳与谦虚让我感动。

之后,我偶而在一些医学会议与讲座上见到他。我们只是打个招呼相互问好,从来没有谈论时事。他告诉我他在我的博客上阅读了我的文章,但他从未尝试和我就这些议题进行讨论。到了人生的这个阶段,我认为他已经跨越了这些世俗。

很不平常的,在我和他的会面中他从来没有,即便仅仅一次,表现出任何的怀恨抱怨,那些剥夺了他生命中最宝贵的20年人生,不论是对他们中的任何一个人或者机构。

1963年他遭逮捕因为他被视为是一名危害新加坡治安的人物。要被关押在监狱里20年,他在被捕前的生活必然是那么样的多姿多彩,或者至少会等同那位默.沙勒末。然而,在我翻阅了许多有关那个年代的书本后(包括他当年的同志所撰写的),只找到很少的有提及到他的事项。

必然的,作为一名危害治安而要遭受20年长期囚禁者,必定会有许许多多的公开档案记载着他的种种活动,足以让电影导演去拍摄相当长度的政治悬疑剧。或许,有那么的一天,档案局可以让我们知道他干过那些勾当,如果有这些活动的话。

最近,在《华惹那一代》新书发布会上,电影制片人施忠明录制了他的演说,并在YouTube上播放。这个记录片如今已经被禁播。不可能是因为影片危害了治安而遭禁止。那段演说并不激烈,里边没有谴责政府的气愤言词,没有鼓动暴力,没有呼吁武力对抗,没有呼吁推翻任何人,也没有呼吁团结鼓舞听众起义。诚然,这远比竞选群众大会还要来得更为温和。

在这段影片制作和播放后的好几个月里,并没有投资者因为治安而从新加坡撤资,事实上,经济出现了复苏回弹。然而,在无法解释的情况下,禁止了这套录像影片。

或许这其中是有个原因的。这套影片很可能会改变人民对林福寿医生的印象。他给人的感觉是一个稳重和有尊严的人。没有展示任何愤慨和怀恨之心。他的智慧完好无损,他有着清醒的思维。在柔弱的身躯里包裹着一个坚强的个性。他看来慈祥,具父辈的形象,这个形体很难让人把他当成是一个有能力拍打苍蝇或者打死蚊子,更何况会伤害另一个人类生命。在一个谦逊君子的外表下人民可以感觉到那是一个不屈不挠的无比勇敢者。

观看他的演说让我回想起庄子《秋水》里的一篇寓言故事。

孔子在周游列国时,宋国的军队把他团团围住。但是他还是继续高歌和弹奏琵琶,无视眼前的困境。子路,他的弟子问道:夫子,为何你还是玩得如此的快乐?

孔子回答说:长久以来,我一直尝试避开困难但皆失败了。这是因为命运的缘故。我亦努力去取得成就但亦失败了,这是由于时代的因素。

“在尧舜时代,那时没有困难,这无关乎一个人的智慧。在桀王与纣王时代,人们没有获得成功并非因为没有智慧。那是由于受制于年代和环境。”

“要穿越河川而不惧怕海上蛟龙需要有渔夫的胆量。在陆上行走而不惧怕老虎猛兽需要有猎人的勇气。面对锋芒的利刃而不惧怕死亡需要有烈士的豪气。”

“体会困境是命运的安排,而成功则是时间的恰当安排,在面对巨大的困难时毫不恐惧或胆怯就需要有圣人之勇。

知穷之有命,知通之有时,临大难而不惧者,圣人之勇也。

林福寿医生或许是亦或许不是一名圣人,但是,他必定是一名很了不起的君子。他被人冷藏了20年之后,他又静悄悄的活了28年。然而,他在新书发布会上的演说,还是引发了足够的焦虑以至于要禁止那套录影片。

那真是匪夷所思!

文章来源:http://www.sgpolitics.net/?p=4214

Dr Lim Hock Siew

By Dr Wong Wee Nam
20 July 2010

“You only have power over people so long as you don’t take everything away from them. But when you’ve robbed a man of everything, he’s no longer in your power — he’s free again.”

– Alexander Solzhenitsyn

I first met him at the wake of the late Dr Lee Siew Choh in July 2002. That was 20 years after he was released from an almost 20-year detention. I saw a friend sitting at another table and went up to say “hello” to her. He happened to be sitting at the same table and she introduced us.

That was the first time I saw how he looked like.

I have heard of him when I was a young boy. He was the son of a famous fishmonger in the market where I had lived. The father was famous because he had a clever son. Not a lot of poor people then had children who are doctors.

I also heard of him as a young boy because of his reputation as a doctor. Not only did his clinic dispense free medicine for the needy and the real indigent, he also gave them transport money to go home. This is not surprising from a doctor who believes that the most common cause of anemia is not iron deficiency but poverty.

It was understandable that I did not recognize him. After all, his pictures had never been splashed in the newspapers or over the TV. Nothing much was heard about him when he was incarcerated and nothing was seen or heard after his release.

In spite of the news blackout and the low profile he has kept, he is still a political legend, being the second longest political detainee after Chia Thye Poh. Therefore, my reaction was one of excitement mixed with surprise and discomfort when he was introduced to me.

He put me totally at ease when he asked in a very soft and friendly voice if I was the same one who wrote letters to the press. I was humbled by his sincerity and modesty.

Subsequently, I met him occasionally at medical seminars and talks. We only exchanged some pleasant words and never discussed current affairs. He told me he read my articles on the blogs but never did he once try to engage me on those topics. At this stage of his life, I suppose he had transcended all these concerns.

Remarkably, in my encounters with him not once had he expressed any hatred for anyone or any organization for having deprived him of 20 years of the prime of his life.

In 1963, he was arrested because he was deemed a security threat to the interests of Singapore. To be kept in prison for 20 years, he must have had a pre-detention life that is more colourful or at least equal to that of Mas Selamat.

Yet, when I looked up as many books (even books written by his ex-comrades) as I could on the era, I could find very little mention on him. Surely a security threat who warranted 20 years of detention would have enough open records of his activities for any movie director to make an equal number of political thrillers. Maybe one day the archives will let us know of his clandestine activities, if any.

Recently at a launch of the book The Fajar Generation, he made a speech. Martyn See, the filmmaker, recorded the speech and put it on Youtube. The video is now banned. It cannot be for security reason that the video is banned. The speech was not fiery, there was no angry condemnation of government, no incitement to violence, no call to arms, no cry to overthrow anyone and no rousing appeal to unite and rally the audience for a cause. Indeed the speech was milder than any election rally speech by a mile.

For months after the speech was made and aired, no investors pulled out of Singapore for security concerns and in fact, the economy recovered. Yet for inexplicable reason, the video was banned.

Perhaps there is a reason. The video is in danger of changing people’s perception of Dr Lim Hock Siew. He comes off as a very calm and dignified person. There is no anger or bitterness. His intellect is intact and his mind is very clear. Beneath the frail frame is a man with strength of character. He looks so kind and fatherly that one wouldn’t see him as capable of slapping a fly or killing a mosquito, let alone hurting a fellow human being. Behind a soft-spoken exterior one can discern a man full of indomitable courage.

Watching him talk reminds me of a story written by Zhuang Zi (庄子)in his chapter “Autumn Water” (秋水):

When Confucius was traveling in the State of Kuang, he was surrounded by the troops of Sung. Nevertheless, he continued singing and playing his lute, totally unfazed. Zi Lu, his disciple, asked, “Master, why are you enjoying yourself?”

Confucius said, “For a long time, I’ve tried to stay out of hardship but failed. This is due to fate. I’ve tried to succeed but failed. This is due to the times.

“During the times of Yao or Shun, there was no hardship. This had nothing to do with a person’s wisdom. During the reign of King Jie and King Zhou, people did not achieve success but this was not due to lack of wisdom. It was due to time and circumstance.

“To travel across the water and not shrink from the sea serpent or the dragon is to have the courage of a fisherman. To travel on land and not be afraid of the rhinoceros or tiger is to have the courage of a hunter. To meet clashing blades and face death unflinchingly is to have the courage of martyr.

“To understand that hardship is a matter of fate and success is a matter of the times; and to able to face enormous difficulties without fear or terror is to have the courage of a sage.”

知穷之有命,知通之有时,临大难而不惧者,圣人之勇也。

Dr Lim Hock Siew may or may not be a sage but he must be a remarkable man. He was stored away for 20 years and then led a quiet life for the next 28 years. Yet when he made his speech at a book launch, he created enough anxiety for the video to be banned.

Truly remarkable!

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分类题材: 人物_biogphy , 政治_politics

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