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大水灾让政治体制裂缝露馅

21/07/10

作者/来源:http://utwt.blogspot.com
/http://singaporedaily.net
新加坡文献馆译

星期一,2010年7月19日

在风平浪静与没有大犯错之际,一党专政体制里的主从机构可以轻易的相互展示其表面上的团结与力量,从而让执政党持续掌握其极权政治权力。然而,当极其严重的过失出现后,这些犯错事件就会凸显出这一种体系之间的裂缝,漏洞和脆弱性。

这时那些原本看来团结一致的一伙开始转变为相互批斗,因为各个小头目开始保卫自已的地盘,从而相互推卸过错。这种情况之所以出现是因为对党持有惩治权力的最高在位者,其权力开始萎缩。另外,在当权者再也不能把犯错归咎于人民时,体制本身的弊病自然就会显现。

这儿列出在大水灾过失之后发生的地盘批斗。

1、警察部队批斗新加坡报业控股 –

吴庆顺,57岁,他是新加坡报业控股拥有的联合晚报的摄影记者,在为报馆拍摄灾情时被警员粗暴的拷上手铐并驱赶出水灾现场。根据海峡时报,吴先生指出他仅有一次的被告诫离开,而就在刚要走开时警员把手铐拷上。然而警方却是说,在使用武力之前,他们曾多次告诫吴先生离开。

那么,谁会在这场斗争中作出让步?是黄根成管辖的警察部队?或者是前副总理陈庆灾管辖的新加坡报业控股?

2、吕德耀批斗雅国伊布拉欣

吕德耀少将,丹戎巴葛集选区国会议员,代信息通讯及艺术部长,他要求公用事业局(PUB)向受影响的居民作出解释。这是由于他的选区如剑桥道和多塞特路地区皆受到严重影响,其情况比‘上两回在6月份的更为严重’。那些把车子停放在地下层停车场的住户,他们的车子被水淹没至车门。吕先生本身在星期6早上要离开在直落古楼的住家时也遭到困难。

具讽刺意味的,他的内阁同僚雅国伊布拉欣先生,就是那位必须回应吕先生的呼吁:‘在此刻必须有能力和受影响的人民维持沟通’。不幸的很,在这场让商人与住户蒙受上百万元损失的水灾时段内伊布拉欣先生明显的在公众场合缺席。

不知吕少将会对雅国伊布拉欣的缺乏领导才能和几乎懦弱的行为会有何进言?

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这场新加坡大水灾带来巨大的损失,需要多个部门共同负责处理。民防(国内事务部)被动员以清理水灾造成的破坏。报章作出公正与平衡的水灾报导。国会议员们和民众就损失事项进行沟通和解决居民们面对的问题。最为重要的事项是国家环境部要担当责任确保沟渠排水系统的通畅运作,这是防止水患的首要任务。

当多个利益集团彼此进行保卫地盘时,冲突就会发生,斗争的摩擦火花亦会满天飞。这将会是场令人叹为观止的斗争,因为这些不同的利益集团,原本都是由威武的李光耀一手操控。

这些冲突有其自然性。在这过程中必然有人要退出,那只是迟早要发生的局面。看看这场大水灾会延续多长的时间,会带来什么程度的破坏损失,以及我们可以在报章上看到那类的更多冲突。

这确实是新加坡历史里最为有趣的时代。

Massive Flood Cockup Exposes Cracks in the Political System
Monday, July 19, 2010
http://utwt.blogspot.com/2010/07/massive-flood-cockup-exposes-fractures.html http://singaporedaily.net

When everything is going fine and there are no major cockups, it is easy to for a single-party state and all its institutions and appendages to give the appearance of unity and strength, and for the ruling party to cling onto totalitarian political power. However, when something major goes very wrong, such incidents tend to expose the cracks, flaws and fragilities in the system.

What used to look like a unified front starts to turn into infighting and bickering as the little generals start defending their own turf and try to push the blame for the cockup to one another. This happens when the dominant personality at the top – who previously held the system together and imposed discipline on the ranks – starts to fade from power. This also happens when the cockup was clearly part of the system, and when the blame cannot be pushed to the public.

Here is the low down of the turf clashes that have emerged in the aftermath of the flood cockup

1. Police Force vs Singapore Press Holdings –

Shafie Goh, 57 year old veteran photojournalist for the Singapore Press Holdings owned newspaper Lianhe Wanbao, was unceremoniously handcuffed and escorted off a flood scene by a policeman while he was trying to take pictures for the newspaper. According to Straits Times, Mr Goh said he was asked to go only once and was about to leave when the police handcuffed him. The police, however, said that they had repeatedly asked Mr Goh to leave before they resorted to using force.

So, who is going to give in this tussle on the ground? Will it be Wong Kan Seng’s Police Force, or will it be ex-DPM Tony Tan’s Singapore Press Holdings?

2. Lui Tuck Yew vs Yaacob Ibrahim –

Rear Admiral Lui Tuck Yew, MP for Tanjong Pagar GRC and Acting Minister of Information, Communication and the Arts, is asking the Public Utilities Board (PUB) to explain itself to affected residents. This comes after a few parts of his constituency, such as Cambridge Road and Dorset Road, were badly affected by the recent flash floods, ‘worse than the two previous occasions in June’. Some who had parked in basement carparks had water up to their car doors. Mr Lui himself had difficulty leaving his Telok Kurau home with his wife on Saturday morning.

Ironically, it will be his Ministerial counterpart Mr Yaacob Ibrahim who will be the one who will have to answer Mr Lui’s call that “being able to touch base with people on the ground is important at this point of time.” Unfortunately, Mr Ibrahim has been conspicuously absent from the public limelight throughout the periods of this flash flooding which has seen businesses and homeowners incur millions in damages as a result.

What will RAdm Lui have to say of Yaacob Ibrahim’s lack of leadership and almost cowardly behaviour?

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The Singapore flooding is such a massively damaging event which requires responsibility from multiple agencies to deal with. The civil defence (and home affairs ministry) has to be roped in to deal with the internal damage of the floods. The press is expected to give a fair and balanced reporting of the flood. The MPs are expected to be in touch with the damage on the ground and help to solve the residents’ problems. And most importantly the National Environment Agency is responsible for a proper functioning drainage and sewage system which should prevent the floods in the first place.

When you have multiple interest groups having to defend their turf, frictions start to rise and sparks start flying. This is all the more interesting when these multiple interest groups are supposed to be under the control of a single hand – the mighty Lee Kuan Yew.

But these frictions are natural. Sooner or later something has to give. It will be interesting to watch how long more the floods will last, how much more damage it will cause, and how much more action we will see in the press.

These indeed are interesting times in Singapore’s history.

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分类题材: 政治_politics ,

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