今天

傅树楷医生的回信

08/09/09

作者/来源:傅树楷医生 (新加坡文献馆译)

新加坡电影制作人施忠明在09年9月6日的个人博客记述了和傅树楷医生的电邮答问。事缘近日出版的英文版 ”Men in White: The Untold Stories of the PAP” 《白衣人——新加坡执政党背后的故事》标榜征询300多名政治人物,其中包括执政与在野政党双方人马,以呈现一个‘完整而且客观’的人民行动党历史。

傅树楷医生证实书的3名作者都从未和他接触过。傅树楷医生是人民行动党历史的重要见证人,1954年他和其他人民行动党创党人一道出席了在李光耀位于欧思礼路住宅地下室的一个讨论党章的历史性会议。

1963年2月2日傅树楷医生和其他100多名反对党人士在李光耀的冷藏行动下遭逮捕。1972年末傅树楷医生获得无条件释放, 4年后1976年第二次被捕直到1982年的8月。傅树楷医生在无审讯情况下的先后两次囚禁共长达近18年。

译文:

对我的提回:你和其他左翼人士为何会在1961年脱离人民行动党,他的回信说:

我的看法是你的提问框架并不正确。传统的说法认为人民行动党的左翼是主动离党。(所以你会问为何左翼要脱离以另外创立社会主义阵线)并没有任何有说服力的证据可以支持这一个说法。

左翼领袖是在一个真诚的反殖民民主平台上展开活动。他们呼吁终止蛮横无理的拘捕与持续囚禁,结束对自由的约束与尊重人权,以及停止阻挠职工会的统一。

并邀请政府:

-立即释放所有政治拘留人士;
-协助快速统一职工会运动;
-让所有诚挚为反殖民运动服务的人士得到公民权和公民利益:
-以及允许报章自由,言论自由,社交与结社自由。

必须留意的一点是他们把自已看成是人民行动党的一个部分。这中间从没有谈论要在组织架构上分割。哈里李曾经威胁如果他丢失了安顺就要辞职。工运领袖表白那是他个人的事。这比芳林补选前的言论要更为强硬。

人民行动党领导层在举行1957年的年大会之前已经决定放弃强大的左翼。问题只是如何,几时以及其后果会是如何。这后果是来自选民反应和东姑会要谁去取代李光耀。

1961年李光耀,东姑和殖民主之间秘密商议有关合并的雄伟计划。人民行动党领导层紧握由英国人提出的合并里的安全网。他决心要放弃他的强大左翼派系,这时斗争已改变为从争取释放拘留者与自由等等转而到合并议题之上。由此可见,分裂是由人民行动党领导层主动而不是左翼派系。

傅树楷

资源来源:http://singaporerebel.blogspot.com/2009/09/what-left-wing-stood-for-dr-poh-soo-kai.html

In reply to my question on why he and other left-wing members broke from the PAP in 1961, he wrote:

I am of opinion you have framed it incorrectly. The conventional view is that the left wing of the PAP took the initiative to break with the party. (Thus your question why did left-wing split from the PAP to form the Barisan Sosialis.) There has been no convincing evidence to support this view.

The left-wing leadership had campaigned on a genuine anti-colonial, democratic platform. They had called for an end to arbitrary arrest and continued detention, an end to the restrictions on freedom and for observation of human rights, and an end to the obstructions put in the way of trade union unification.

It had invited the government to :

- Release immediately all political detainees; – Assist in the speedy unification of the trade union movement; – Grant the right of citizenship and franchise to all those loyal to the anti-colonial struggle; – And to allow freedom of the press, speech and assembly and organisation.

Of note is that they regarded themselves as part of the PAP. There was no talk of a structural split. Harry Lee had threatened to resign if he lost Anson. The unionists said that was his business. A tougher tone than the statement before Hong Lim by-election.

The PAP leadership before the 1957 annual genaral meeting had decided to discard its powerful left wing. The issue was how, when and the consequences. Consequences both from the Singapore electorate and the Tungku who would much like to replace him.

By 1961 secret negotiations for merger and “the grand design” were well underway between Harry, Tungku and the Colonial masters. The PAP leadership grasped the safety line of merger initiated by the British. He decided to discard his powerful left wing, but the fight was now shifted from release of detainees, freedom, etc to that of merger. The initiative for the split thus was from the PAP leadership, not from the left-wing.

Poh Soo Kai

---

分类题材: 政治_politics , 历史_history

《新加坡文献馆》